Learn More About the Various Uses of Orthosis
A term that refers to the medical specialty which is more concerned with the application, design and manufacture of the device called as orthosis, is orthotics. This certain specialty of the medical field is a combination of other fields of study, such as pathophysiology, biomechanics, engineering, and anatomy and physiology. The singular form for the said device is orthosis, while orthoses is its plural form, and it can be worn or applied externally to the individual who needs it.
The primary purpose of its manufacture and design is to alter, change or modify the functional and the structural aspect of two systems of the body, namely the skeletal and the neuromuscular system. The various uses of the different types of orthoses is to reduce the weight bearing forces of the patient; to restrict movement in a specified direction; to assist the movement of the bones, joint, and muscles in a general manner; to limit the movement, immobilize, control or guide the movement of a body segment, joint and extremity for a specified reason; to correct the function and the shape of the patient’s body part; to provide the patient with an easier movement capability; to reduce the pain felt by the patient; and to aid rehabilitation from any fractures after a cast is removed. The common disorders or health conditions that can gain benefits from using orthoses are spina bifida, cerebral palsy, stroke, spinal cord injury, peripheral neuropathy, scoliosis, plantar fasciitis, polio, joint laxity or arthritis, and paralysis. The various materials that are commonly used in the production and design of orthoses are fabric, thermoplastics, carbon fiber, metals, elastic, and EVA or ethylene-vinyl acetate.
There are basically three different classifications of orthoses, namely the lower-limb orthoses, the upper-limb orthoses, and the spinal orthoses. Upper-limb can also be called as the upper extremities of a human being, and the orthoses is being attached or applied to the arm segments or the arm of the patient, and the device may be mechanically designed or electromechanically designed. There are basically a lot of different kinds of upper-limb orthoses, namely the clavicular and shoulder orthoses, elbow orthoses, hand orthoses, forearm-wrist-hand orthoses, forearm-wrist orthoses, forearm-wrist-thumb orthoses, functional arm orthoses, and arm orthoses. The examples of the spinal orthoses are the Charleston bending brace, the Milwaukee brace, and the Boston brace; and this is being used for the condition wherein there is an abnormal curvature of the spine, and spinal fractures. The term that refers to the lower extremities of an individual is lower-limb, and that include the ankle, the foot and the knee. The various examples of the lower-limb orthoses are the foot orthoses, the KO or the knee orthosis, the prophylactic braces, the KAFOs or the knee-ankle-foot orthosis, and the ankle-foot orthosis.